So I realized my last post was getting kind of long and I hadn’t even gotten to my point yet! So here is my point… “There are a lot of new words I have encountered in studying Manga!”
So as it stands now here is the list of words that I have encountered and what I believe each to mean:
Kodomomuke – children’s manga…stories written specifically for children which usually contain a moral in an effort to teach a lesson – these remind me of Aesop’s Fables
Shojo or shoujo – girls manga – stories written for an audience of young girls
24-nengumi, “year 24 group”, or the “1940-ers” refers to a group of women shojo writers who were born in or around 1949. Previously shojo was written mostly by men.
Mahou shoujo or majokko features young girls who use magic – a subgenre of shojo
Shonen manga- boys’ manga – stories written for an audience of young boys
Mecha – robot manga – a subgenre of shonen
Seinen manga – men’s manga – stories written for an audience of grown men…they address adult concerns but are not necessarily inappropriate for children.
Josei manga — women’s manga intended for a grownup audience…they address adult concerns but are not necessarily inappropriate for children, simply not intended for them.
Seijin manga — means adult stories…seijin manga are those which are only to be sold to adult — they would be considered a subgenre of josei or seinen depending on if their intended audience is female or male
gyakuhāremu – reverse harem, does not necessarily refer to sexual relationships between characters (though it can in which case it would be a subgenre of josei seijin), simply that the main character (in this case a female) is surrounded by numerous male characters who occupy a subordinate role – subgenre of shojo or josei seijin
Yuri manga – means girl love. These stories usually focus on the romantic or emotional aspects of the relationships and are not very explicit…Often the same stories which are considered yuri in Japan are considered yuri hentai in the U.S. – a subgenre of josei seijin
hāremumono – harem manga, does not necessarily refer to sexual relationships between characters (though it can), simply that the main character (a male) is surrounded by numerous female characters who occupy a subordinate role – subgenre of shonen or seinen seijin
Yaoi manga — stories about men who love other men. These stories are written mostly by women for a female audience…these stories usually focus on explicit sex acts more than focusing on character development or romance — they are also considered a subgenre of josei seijin.
Bara — stories generally written by gay men which are intended for a gay male audience — it is a subgenre of seinen seijin
Shonen-ai — romances or love stories between men focused more on the romantic and emotional aspects rather than on explicit descriptions of sex acts — subgenre of Bara
Ecchi – naughty works with sexual undertones – a description which can be applied to any work of manga, including those targeted at that younger audiences
Hentai manga – meaning bizarre or perverse, explicit works depicting sexual themes – subgenre of seijin
Futanari – explicit works depicting hermaphrodic characters – subgenre of seijin
Kemono manga – stories which feature anthropomorphic animals – can be a subset of any genre
Ukiya-e – pictures from the floating world…seems to be the beginnings of manga style artwork, represented the hedonistic lifestyle indulged in in the 17th century by the newly rich.
Please feel free to correct me! Clarify! or add new words that I missed in the comments below!!!